Main changes by educational stage

What changes affect Pre-School?

So far, Pre-School Education continues to be regulated according to the LOE. However, in the Official State Bulletin (BOE) nº 295 in which the Organic Law for the Improvement of Educational Quality 8/2013 was published, on the 9th December, stated:

How is Primary education organised?

The main change is the disappearance of the three year cycles (ciclos).  With the LOMCE, Primary School is a six-course stage.

A student can only repeat a course once.

The subject offer in Primary is the following:
main changes educational stage 01

How is Secondary education organised?

Secondary education is still divided into two cycles. However, within the LOMCE, the First Cycle covers 1st, 2nd and 3rd course.

The Second Secondary Cycle consists of only one course, The 4th year of Secondary.

At this 4th Secondary year, students have two options:

  • 4th Secondary: Applied Education, in order to enter Professional Studies
  • 4th Secondary: Academic Education, in order to enter Bachillerato

Students can repeat no more than twice in all of Secondary but they cannot repeat the same course twice.

In exceptional circumstances, students can repeat the 4th Secondary year, but only if they have not repeated any other year in ESO (Compulsory Secondary Education).

Students pass onto the next course if they do not fail more than two subjects and if the subjects are not both Maths and Language.

In exceptional circumstances, students can pass onto the next course if they have failed three subjects subject to teaching staff approval.

The subject offer in Secondary is the following:
main changes educational stage 02

What certification is awarded on finishing Secondary Education (ESO) and what studies does this give access to?

There are two requirements in order to obtain the Secondary School Leaving Certificate (Título de Graduado en ESO):

  • Achieve an overall grade of 5 or higher in the final Secondary Exams.
  • Obtain a final grade in Secondary of 5 or higher.

Final grade of Secondary = 70% subjects studied + 30% final exam

On passing the Academic Education exam, students have access to Bachillerato, Professional Studies of Fine Arts and Design and Sports Education at the Middle Grade Training Cycle level (Ciclos Formativos de Grado Medio).

How is Bachillerato organised?

The LOMCE maintains two courses for Bachillerato (Senior Secondary Education) but there are now three different options:

  • Sciences
  • Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Arts

At Bachillerato, students have a maximum of 4 years to study at this level. They can repeat the 1st course 3 times but they must do the 2nd course in a year.

Students pass onto the next course if they do not fail more than two subjects and if the subjects are not both Maths and Language.

In exceptional circumstances, students can pass onto the next course if they have failed three subjects subject to teaching staff approval.

The subject offer at Bachillerato is the following:
main changes educational stage 03

What certification is awarded on finishing Bachillerato and what studies does this give access to?

There are two requirements in order to obtain the High School Diploma/Baccalaureate (título de Bachiller):

  • Achieve an overall grade of 5 or higher in the final Bachillerato exams.
  • Obtain a final grade in Bachillerato of 5 or higher.

Final grade of Bachillerato = 60% subjects studied + 40% final exam

Students who pass have access to Professional Training programmes at Middle Grade (Grado Medio) and Higher Grade (Grado Superior).

However, access to studies at university level is not guaranteed. With the LOMCE, access will be regulated by the Universities themselves. At least 60% of the possible points based on grades will be based on the Bachillerato grade-point average. Universities can also decide if 100% of the points take into account the Bachillerato option and type of elective subjects studied.

How is Professional Training organised?

One of the main innovations of the LOMCE is the boost given to Professional Training. A new stage has been introduced in the Educational System; Basic Professional Training. The Professional Training framework is now structured in this way:

  • Basic Professional Training
  • Middle Grade Professional Training
  • Higher Grade Professional Training

main changes educational stage 04

How can Basic Professional Training be accessed and what substitutes PCPI (Program for Initial Professional Qualification)?

There are three main requirements to be fulfilled. Students must:

  • Be 15 years old, or turn 15 over the course of the year and not be older than 17 on accessing the course or during the current calendar year of the course.
  • Have studied 3rd Secondary (3º de ESO) or, exceptionally, 2nd Secondary (2º de ESO).
  • Be proposed by teaching staff to parents or legal guardians for Basic Professional Training.

The Basic Professional Training Cycles include the following groups of common core subjects:

What certification is achieved in Basic Professional Training and what studies does this give access to?

The Basic Professional Training Certificate (Título Profesional Básico) is awarded on successful completion of the Training Cycle.

This facilitates access to Professional Training at Middle Grade (Formación Profesional de Grado Medio).

Students also have the opportunity to the final exam of ESO for either of the two existing options (Academic or Applied). If they pass, they will be awarded the Secondary School Leaving Certificate (título de Graduado en ESO).

What certification is awarded on finishing Middle Grade Professional Training (Formación Profesional de Grado Medio) and what studies does this give access to?

The Technician Certificate (Título Profesional de Técnico) is awarded on successful completion of the Training Cycle.

It is now possible for students to study these elective subjects:
a)  Communication in Spanish
b)  Communication in a Foreign Language
c)  Applied Mathematics
d)  Communication in a Co-official Language where this applies

Passing these subjects facilitates the transition from Professional Training to other types of education.

The High School Diploma/Baccalaureate (título de Bachiller) can be obtained by passing the final Bachillerato exams of block subjects in core curriculum areas; a minimum of which should be included in the study mode and option that students have chosen.

What certification is awarded on finishing Higher Grade Professional Training (Formación Profesional de Grado Superior) and what studies does this give access to?

The Superior Technician Certificate (Título Profesional de Técnico Superior) is awarded on successful completion of the Training Cycle.

On successfully passing the admission procedure, this certificate allows students access to studies at a university degree level.

The High School Diploma/Baccalaureate (título de Bachiller) can be obtained by passing the final Bachillerato exams of block subjects in core curriculum areas; a minimum of which should be included in the study mode and option that students have chosen.