1. Introduce each sound in a context that the children will understand.
eg Before the lesson starts, hide a toy snake somewhere in the classroom. Make a hissing noise: Ssssss ssssss. What’s that? Sssss ssssss (take out the snake) Oh! A snake! Sssss
2. Model the sound.
Say sssssssss. Introduce an action if you wish eg wiggle your hand like a snake.
3. Show the grapheme.
Stick the letter ‘s’ on the board. Point to it and model the sound again. Encourage the children to join in with you, saying the sound and doing the action.
4. Context words.
Show flashcards of images that contain the target sound, naming them as you do so eg snake, spider, sunny, star, stop, six, seven … Only use vocabulary words the children are familiar with. Emphasize the target sound as you say the words. Encourage the children to say the words with you. *Do not expect the children to read these words yet.
5. Play some games for the children to start to discriminate between sounds.
Children need practice in saying the sounds. Encourage them to use different voices or mimic a puppet. Ask children to say the sounds in different ways eg happily, angrily etc.
Give each child a copy of the grapheme (eg ‘s’). Say words that contain the target sound mixed with words that don’t. All should be words that the children are familiar with. If the word contains the sound, children should hold up the grapheme and make the sound.
Sample list for ‘s’
Snake (yes) cat (no), spider (yes), dog (no) six (yes) seven (yes) bus (yes) ten (no) sunny (yes) star (yes) elephant (no) pear (no) etc.
For the first group of sounds, use simple worksheets, as shown below, with images for the children to discriminate between words that contain the target sound and words that don’t. It shouldn’t be necessary to include tracing on these worksheets as the children complete this type of activity in their L1 language classes. Make sure that your worksheet contains only words the children know and that you have included these words in the input section of the lesson.