Prehistory

The pupils study how prehistoric people lived.

Author: Borja Uruñuela

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Introduction
  • Show the pupils a pen and ask them what we use pens for. We use pens to write. Write the words cookers, cars and electricity on the board and elicit/explain their meaning. Write on the board We use ____ to ____ and encourage the pupils to make sentences using this structure, eg We use cookers to boil water. We use cars to go to school. We use electricity to see at night.
Completing Prehistory Worksheet
Activity 1
  • Ask the pupils to look at Activity 1 and match the sentence halves.

Answers: We use pens to write. We use cookers to cook food. We use cars to travel. We use electricity to play computer games.

Extension activity

Ask the pupils to write some more sentences about the things they use every day using I use ___ to ____. (I use my pencil case to carry pens and pencils. I use glasses to see better. I use my watch to know what time it is. etc.)

Activity 2
  • Show the pupils a picture of prehistoric people. Ask Did prehistoric people use pens? Elicit No, they didn’t use pens. They didn’t write. Continue withcookers, cars and electricity.
  • Elicit information about prehistory. Ask the pupils questions such as What did prehistoric people eat? Did they buy food in the supermarket? How did they get food? Did they live in houses? etc.
  • Explain (in L1 if necessary) that history started when people learned how to write. The period of time before the invention of writing is called prehistory(before history). There are no written documents about this period but archaeologists study prehistory through objects that have survived such as bones, tools and cave paintings.
  • Write the questions in Activity 2 on the board and elicit possible answers from the pupils. Read the paragraphs in Activity 2 with the class and explain the new words, using drawings where appropriate. Explain the irregular verbs if necessary – catch/caught, make/made, wear/wore.
  • Ask the pupils to write the questions in the appropriate places.

Answers: 1-Where did prehistoric people live? 2-What did prehistoric people eat? 3-Did prehistoric people have tools? 4-What did prehistoric people wear?

Extension activity

Ask the pupils to read the text in Activity 2 individually. Write some true/false sentences about prehistory on the board. Ask the pupils to copy these sentences into their notebooks and discuss in pairs whether they are true or false. Some possible sentences: Prehistoric people wrote stories. (F) Prehistoric people hunted animals with spears. (T) Prehistoric people lived in houses. (F)Prehistoric people made tools from plastic. (F) Prehistoric people wore clothes made of leather and fur. (T) Encourage the children to correct the false sentences, eg Prehistoric people didn’t write stories. They painted pictures on cave walls.

Activity 3
  • Show the pupils some modern objects (or write the words on the board), egcomputer, bike, calculator, mobile phone, MP3 player, etc. Ask them if prehistoric people used these things, eg Did prehistoric people use computers? No, they didn’t. They didn’t have computers. Continue with the other objects.
  • Ask the pupils to look at the pictures in Activity 3 and make sentences about prehistoric people.

Possible answers: 2-Prehistoric people didn’t buy food in supermarkets They hunted animals and caught fish. 3-Prehistoric people didn’t drive cars. They walked. 4-Prehistoric people didn’t live in houses. They lived in tents and caves. 5 & 6-Pupils’ own ideas.

Extension activity

Ask the pupils to do a project comparing life in prehistory and life today. Encourage them to write sentences and draw pictures highlighting some of the main differences.