- Show the pupils some books and tell them what kind of books they are, egThis is a biography. It’s about _____’s life. Tell the pupils about your reading habits, eg I read one or two books a month. In summer I read more because I have got more time to read. I read on the beach or at the swimming pool. I like novels, plays and poetry. Talk about the different types of books and elicit some information about the pupils’ own reading habits.
Completing Literature: Shakespeare and Cervantes Worksheet
- Elicit the names of some famous writers and write them on the board. Ask the pupils if they know where they are from and the names of some of their books, eg Spanish writers: Calderón de la Barca (El Alcalde de Zalamea), Camilo José Cela (La Colmena), Federico García Lorca (Bodas de Sangre), Juan Ramón Jiménez (Platero y yo). British and Irish writers: Charles Dickens (Oliver Twist), Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (Sherlock Holmes), Agatha Christie (Murder on the Orient Express), James Joyce (Ulysses).
- If the pupils don’t mention them, write William Shakespeare and Miguel de Cervantes on the board. Elicit information about them from the class. Ask questions such as Who was Cervantes? What country was he from? What did he write?
- Ask the pupils to read the information in the box in Activity 1. Encourage them to write the information in what they think is the appropriate place under William Shakespeare or Miguel de Cervantes. Check answers with the class. Tell the class that Shakespeare and Cervantes died the same year (1616). Explain that they were both writers. William Shakespeare was English and Miguel de Cervantes was Spanish. Shakespeare wrote plays and poetry. He is famous for plays such as Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, Hamlet andOthello. Cervantes wrote novels, plays and poetry. His novel Don Quixote is very famous. People often say that Don Quixote was the first modern novel.
Answers: William Shakespeare … was born in 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon; … wrote Romeo and Juliet; … was a professional actor; … wrote 37 plays and poetry; … died in 1616. Miguel de Cervantes … was born in 1547 in Alcalá de Henares; … wrote novels, plays and poetry; … wrote Don Quixote; … died in 1616.
Bring a pupil to the front of the class. Ask him or her questions about the information in Activity 1. Try to elicit full answers. Who wrote Romeo and Juliet? Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet. Who was born in Stratford-upon-Avon? Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon. Who wroteDon Quixote? Cervantes wrote Don Quixote. Encourage the pupils to continue in small groups using Who _____?
- Explain that Shakespeare wrote many tragedies. Tragedies are sad stories where people die. Sometimes they die for love and sometimes they die for power. Write on the board the titles of the three plays in Activity 2: Julius Caesar, Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet. Elicit what the pupils know about these stories. Ask questions such as Which story is about love? Romeo and Juliet. Which story is about power? Julius Caesar. Which story is about royalty (kings, queens, princes and princesses)? Hamlet.
- Tell the pupils to look at Activity 2. Read the first text with the class. Encourage the pupils to call out the name of the play. Continue with texts 2 and 3.
- Write on the board some of the key words in Activity 2, eg Montagues, Capulets, two enemy families, a young man, a young woman, love, a young prince, King of Denmark, Roman, dictator, powerful. Explain that Romeo and Juliet is about a young man and a young woman who fall in love. Their families are enemies so their love is secret. It’s a sad story about love. Julius Caesar is about a powerful Roman leader called Julius Caesar. Marcus Brutus doesn’t want Julius to have so much power and kills him. At the end of the story Brutus kills himself. It’s a story about power. Hamlet is a story about royalty and power. There is also a ghost in the story.
- Pupils write the names of the plays in the appropriate spaces.
Answers: 1-Hamlet; 2-Julius Caesar; 3-Romeo and Juliet
- Write Romeo and Juliet on the board. Give the class some more information about the play and elicit ideas by asking questions, eg Romeo and Juliet are in love. Their families are enemies. What can they do? Their love is secret, it’s a sad story. What do you think happens?
- Go through the words in the box in Activity 3 and explain their meaning. Elicit the connections between the words and the play Romeo and Juliet. Ask the pupils to read the story in small groups and complete the story with the words in the box. Help with vocabulary as necessary. When they have finished, read the story with the class and encourage the pupils to call out the missing words.
- Ask the class What do you think about the story? Do you like it?
Answers: 1-hate; 2-party; 3-love; 4-marry; 5-secret; 6-poison; 7-die