- Divide the board into two halves. Ask the class to imagine that they are going on holiday. Write Summer holiday at the beach on the lefthand side of the board and Winter holiday in the mountains on the left-hand side. Divide the class into two groups. Explain that one of the groups is going to the beach in the summer and the other group is going to the mountains in the winter. Ask the pupils to make a list of the clothes and other things they will take with them. Ask pupils from the groups to write their lists on the board and tell the rest of the class what they are going to take. Encourage them to use the structure I’m going to take a/some ______, eg I’m going to take a towel. I’m going to take some sun cream. Ask What sports and other activities can you do at the beach in summer / in the mountains in winter?
Completing Spain: Climate and mountains Worksheet
- Show the class a map of Spain (or draw one on the board). Ask the pupils to find the city or town where they live. Ask them if they know people who live in other cities or towns. Encourage them to use ______ live/lives in ______, egMy grandfather lives in Cuenca.
- Ask the pupils about the climate in their city, eg Is it cold in the winter? Is it hot in the summer? Does it rain in the summer? Explain that the climate is not the same everywhere in Spain. There are four main different types of climate in Spain: continental, maritime, Mediterranean and subtropical. Write the words on the board in four columns. Give an example of a city or an area for each type of climate and write it in the appropriate column. Elicit the weather in each city/area. Write the different weather conditions under each heading, eg:
- Read the descriptions of the climate in different areas of Spain with the class. Explain that The big, high and flat central area of Spain is called a plateau. Check that pupils understand the difference between hot, warm, cool and mild.
- Ask the pupils to match the types of climate with the descriptions. Check answers with the class.
Answers: 1-Continental climate; 2-Maritime climate; 3-Mediterranean climate; 4-Subtropical climate
Ask the pupils What clothes do you need if you go to the south of Spain in the summer? What clothes do you need if you go to the north in the summer?Write on the board When I go to the south in summer I need Tshirts, shorts, sandals and sunglasses. When I go to the ___ in ___ I need ___. Continue with other seasons and different parts of Spain. Encourage the pupils to write sentences in their notebooks following the model.
- Explain that the climate in the mountains is usually cold in the winter and cool in the summer. It rains a lot and it snows in winter. There are a lot of mountains in Spain.
- Draw a map of Spain on the board. Invite some pupils to label the seas and the four cardinal points (north, south, east, and west). Ask the class if they know the names of the most important mountains in Spain. Ask Where are the Pyrenees? The Pyrenees are in the north. The Pyrenees form a natural border between France and Spain. Draw the Pyrenees on the map. Continue with the other mountain ranges. If you have a physical map of Spain use it to show the class where the different mountain ranges are. The Iberian Mountains are in the north-east. The Sistema Central is in the centre of Spain. The Betic Mountains are in the south-east. The Cantabrian Mountains are in the north. The Sierra Morena mountains are between the Guadiana and Guadalquivir rivers.
- Ask the pupils to label the map in Activity 2 with the names of Spain’s principal mountain ranges and types of climate.
Write on the board The Veleta is in the ______. It is ______ metres high. The Teide is in ______. It is ______ metres high. The Aneto is in the ______. It is ______ metres high. The Mulhacén is in the ______. It is ______ metres high. Ask the pupils Do you know where these mountains are? How high are they? Write the answers on the board at random, eg, 3.718 metres, 3.482 metres, 3.404 metres, 3.392 metres, Sierra Nevada, Tenerife, Pyrenees. Encourage the class to write sentences in their notebooks. When the pupils have finished their sentences, encourage them to check their answers by asking you questions, eg Pupil 1: Is the Teide in Granada? Teacher: No, the Teide is not in Granada. P 2: Is the Teide in Tenerife? T: Yes, the Teide is in Tenerife. P 3: Is the Teide 3.718 metres high? T: Yes, that’s right. Write the answers on the board. Explain that the Teide is a volcano in Tenerife, in the Canary Islands. It’s the highest mountain in Spain. The Mulhacén is the highest mountain in the Iberian Peninsula.
Answers: Veleta – 3.392 metres – Sierra Nevada; Teide – 3.718 metres – Tenerife; Aneto – 3.404 metres – Pyrenees; Mulhacén – 3.482 metres – Sierra Nevada