- Write on the board ermsum / wertni / aumntu / spingr. Encourage the pupils to guess the words. Give them clues if necessary, eg the first letter is ‘s’.Write the names of the four seasons on the board: summer, winter, autumnand spring. Talk about one of the seasons, eg In spring the trees have got flowers. In spring the weather is warm and sunny but it also rains. Ask the children to write some sentences about the other seasons in their notebooks. Then elicit some sentences about each season from the class.
- Highlight the fact that in summer the days are longer and it’s hotter. Ask the pupils if they know when the different seasons start and finish.
Completing The Earth: Rotation and revolution Worksheet
- Ask a pupil to draw the Earth on the board. Invite another pupil to draw the Sun.
- Explain why we have day and night. Use a globe (or a ball). Ask the pupils some questions like What happens in the half of the Earth that faces the Sun? It is daytime. What happens in the other half? It is nighttime. Explain that the Earth rotates on its axis and that’s why we have day and night. The Earth takes 24 hours to rotate completely.
- If you have a globe put it near the window or a light. Show the pupils how while half of the globe gets the light the other half doesn’t. Show them how when the Earth rotates on its axis the Sun shines on different parts of the planet.
- Read the text in Activity 1 with the class. The pupils write daytime andnighttime on the illustration.
Answers: 1-daytime; 2-nighttime
If you have a globe, encourage the pupils to work out in which countries or continents it is daytime/nighttime at the moment. When it is daytime in Spain it is nighttime in Japan.
- Ask the pupils questions about the Earth’s orbit around the Sun and the four seasons, eg Does the Earth orbit the Sun? How long does the Earth take to orbit the Sun? Is it hot in summer? Are the days long in winter? When does spring begin? etc.
- Read the six words in the box in Activity 2 with the class and explain their meaning if necessary. Encourage the pupils to read the text in pairs and write the words in the gaps in pencil.
- Read the text together with the class, explain the new words and encourage the pupils to call out the missing words. Check answers and get the pupils to correct any incorrect answers on their worksheets.
Answers: 1-365; 2-summer; 3-June; 4-long; 5-March; 6-short
Ask the pupils to circle the ten most important words in Activities 1 and 2. Get feedback and write their words on the board. Arrange the pupils in small groups. Encourage them to write sentences similar to those in the texts using the words on the board, eg Summer: Summer starts on 21st June.
- Say some true and false statements about the Earth and its movements. Encourage the pupils to say true or false as appropriate. If they say false, encourage them to correct the sentence, eg The Earth takes 24 hours to orbit the Sun. (F) The Earth takes 365 days (and six hours) to orbit the Sun. In the northern hemisphere the days are long in summer. (T)
- Ask the pupils to do Activity 3.
Answers: 1-F (It takes 24 hours); 2-T; 3-T; 4-T; 5-F (In the northern hemisphere the days are long in summer).