The water cycle
Aim: To introduce or revise the water cycle.
Materials: Coloured pencils, scissors, glue, worksheets
Duration: 50 minutes
Language focus: The water cycle, evaporation, condensation, precipitation, collection. Other related vocabulary: heat, evaporate, cloud, cold, blow, rain, collect.
1 The teacher introduces the vocabulary using Worksheets 1 and 2, using the children’s first language if necessary. The children match and glue the pictures, taking care to glue only where it says ‘glue here’.
Water cycle Worksheet 1 (413 Kb)
Water cycle Worksheet 2 (40 Kb)
2 The teacher explains how the water cycle works by drawing pictures on the board related to each stage of the cycle. The class point to their Worksheet cards when they are mentioned by the teacher.
Making the water cycle craft
1 Cut out the square from Worksheet 3. It is divided into four numbered triangles.
Water cycle Worksheet 3 (99 Kb)
2 Fold corner A of the square to corner C (with the picture on the outside).
Then fold corner B to corner D (so that the pictures on triangles 1 and 2 are on the outside).
3 Now unfold and ask the children to cut along the dotted line going from corner D to the centre of the craft.
4 The children colour the background scene on triangles 1 and 3.
6 Fold triangle 2 so that it tucks in under triangle 4 and glue them together.
7 Give out Worksheet 4 and ask the children to cut out and glue the simple illustrations on their pyramids (in this example, arrows, raindrops and clouds).
Water cycle Worksheet 4 (223 Kb)
8 The children cut out the label describing a part of the water cycle and glues it in the appropriate place on the pyramid. If there is room, the pupils can optionally add the explanation as in Fig 2.
Fig 1 (from Worksheet 4) Fig 2 (from Worksheet 3)
9 The pupils can now talk about the stages of the water cycle by pointing to their pyramid and explaining each stage in turn.
We can also use this three-dimensional pyramid to represent an event, a moment in a story, something about the pupils’ lives or other cross-curricular areas such as a food pyramid.
Food pyramid Worksheet (133 Kb)
Some tips to remember
There are many factors to take into account when planning a craft activity. The materials need to be prepared in advance and the language required for the activity should be pre-taught and practised. It’s important to take time to explain the purpose of the craft activity to your pupils at the beginning of the lesson and to talk about it once it’s complete. The craft activity itself should not be too complicated, but however simple it is, children require time to master any activity so be patient. If you think you don’t have enough time to do the whole activity in just one session, break it down into sections in your lesson plan. And above all, don’t forget that the aim of the activity is not the craft itself, but the language used when creating it and describing it after it is finished.